Has to be a contradiction in terms, right?
Environmentally friendly print might also be a contradiction in terms for many people. There are still far too folk who don’t get that paper is a sustainable resource, or that print has a one time carbon footprint. It’s recyclable and an independent archive that’s easy and convenient to access. Its user interface is simple, its accessibility universal and it’s gorgeous. Even if you never read the books you buy, you own them because they declare something of yourself to the world. Look at all those carefully curated backdrops on Zoom.
However electronic media have some clear advantages over print, namely that they can do so much more, such as get shared almost at the speed of light. Electronic devices are used for phone calls, taking pictures, playing games and internet access. They also have massive commercial impact, providing new platforms for advertising and marketplaces for trade. According to these criteria they beat print hands down, and there is no argument with that. But what happens to these devices over time is a serious problem and one that goes far beyond usefulness. This problem isn’t really being addressed. The difficulty is the waste management. Paper and board products have supply chains that encourage waste collection and recycling. A similar model is slowly being built for plastics and other waste. For electronics the picture is less rosy.
Old electronics must be removed from the waste stream and processed for recycling. Apple has a recycling scheme in place, having worked out some time ago that over its entire economic lifespan an iPad Pro generates over 150 kg of CO2-e. But it all depends on how much the device is used. A television’s carbon footprint is about 0.088 kg per viewer hour. For online streaming it ranges 0.03 to 0.86, depending on the energy used. This isn’t so much, and what matters more is how the end of life process is handled.
The European Union’s (EU) Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) directive, in force since 2003, mandates collection schemes to increase WEEE recycling, which currently stands at around 70% in Europe, depending on how you count it. The EU and its members have put considerable resources into building up the WEEE model. Elsewhere things are much patchier and there is limited coordination of diverse recycling supply chains.
The reality is that as with most environmental impact concerns, changing lifestyle expectations are the only way to really make a difference. Constantly updating our electronic devices is a luxury we should consider in the context of environmental impact. If print is to have a long term future its environmental impact and sustainability are central and must be constantly refined and improved. The same applies for electronics.
– Laurel Brunner
This article was produced by the Verdigris Project, an industry initiative intended to raise awareness of print’s positive environmental impact. This weekly commentary helps printing companies keep up to date with environmental standards, and how environmentally friendly business management can help improve their bottom lines. Verdigris is supported by the following companies: Agfa Graphics, EFI, Fespa, Fujifilm, HP, Kodak, Miraclon, Ricoh, Spindrift, Splash PR, Unity Publishing and Xeikon.